On Al-Jazeera’s ‘Kashmir: The Forgotten Conflict’ & surrounding debate

Yesterday, I got briefly involved in a debate on Twitter over a recent Kashmir feature published by Al-Jazeera. Now that I’ve read over the feature in detail, here are a few thoughts.

1) I have never been to Kashmir, and can only rely on external sources. Of all the text I’ve read regarding the Kashmir situation, Basharat Peer’s book ‘Curfewed Night’ remains my chief source; more than anything, I instinctively trust the way Peer writes. To me, he seeks not to offer an opinion or a solution but to present the facts as objectively as possible within an acknowledged context of his own experiences growing up in Kashmir. My opinion of this book has grown more and more as I’ve read other journalism about Kashmir that struggles to strike such a fine balance.

2) The content is not particularly well-written. Polarising & controversial opinion often gains merit through high quality writing, such as essays on Kashmir written by Arundhati Roy, but here, in my opinion, this is not the case. A narrative piece on village checkpoints struggles to provide meaningful details that put you in the setting and in the minds of the subjects. An opinion piece on the policy narratives of India and Pakistan begins with a self-aggrandising spiel, in which the writer notes his own success as a journalist, then goes on to awkwardly cobble together various sources to paint a flimsy picture of Kashmir as South Asia’s Palestine. As a whole, Al-Jazeera’s feature feels similarly cobbled together, a hastily arranged set of articles that are not particularly cohesive either together or as individual pieces.

3) The coverage presents a very clear anti-occupation viewpoint. Almost every piece includes editorialising language designed to convey the negative effects of the Indian security forces, as seen by Al-Jazeera, on the state of Kashmir. The frequency with which this kind of language is used is certainly frustrating and distracting as it detracts greatly from the journalistic integrity of the organisation and of the pieces themselves. References to the impact of the forces would be very reasonable information to provide in any article on Kashmir, and there is certainly a wealth of negative information to be found via a wide variety of sources regarding that impact; however, it is the frequency of those references, which are in nearly every paragraph of text and nearly every photo caption, which give me pause.

4) Nitin Pai (@acorn on Twitter), a very senior and respected commentator on Indian foreign policy (and many other India-related issues), yesterday lambasted Al-Jazeera’s Kashmir feature as ‘anti-Indian’. In spite of the feature’s obvious failings, this is a purely subjective viewpoint. While I think the anti-occupation sentiment comes very close to spilling over into anti-Indian rhetoric, that particular tipping point is not reached. This discrepancy may have more to do with mine and Mr. Pai’s interpretations of what constitutes ‘anti-Indian’ speech, which is an accusation I have had levelled at my own writing on several occasions, but my definition requires a more severe opposition to the Indian state and in a broader capacity than is written on Al-Jazeera’s Kashmir pages.

5) At the time I had not read (as I have now) over Al-Jazeera’s Kashmir coverage in detail, but I took issue with Mr. Pai over his opposition to the feature as propaganda originating from outside India. Here’s a timeline of selected tweets:

It’s easy to sneak blatant propaganda into news coverage in India, because calling them out will bring out of free speech loving friends
acorn August 11, 2011 at 19:09

I’m an unabashed advocate of free speech. But externally driven propaganda is about the amoral world of international relations.
acorn August 11, 2011 at 19:10

There’s no right to free speech in international relations. There is only power. And media power is being employer against India.
acorn August 11, 2011 at 19:12

So those who defend foreigners engaging in propaganda in India from abroad are naive & misguided.
acorn August 11, 2011 at 19:13

Challenging narrative dominance is a foreign policy issue.
acorn August 11, 2011 at 19:14

@acorn Goodness, what is happening here? They are publishing content on the (v. sensitive) Kashmir situation from… @Vidyut
BarnabyHaszardM August 11, 2011 at 19:15

@acorn …an Islamic viewpoint that is also critical of India. I do not see how one can dismiss it as propaganda. @Vidyut
BarnabyHaszardM August 11, 2011 at 19:17

@acorn I question yr judgment primarily as a foreign observer who frequently writes opinion pieces about India. @Vidyut
BarnabyHaszardM August 11, 2011 at 19:18

@BarnabyHaszardM I do not dismiss it. I oppose it.
acorn August 11, 2011 at 19:20

@acorn OK, can’t argue with that – but I took issue with yr ‘naive and misguided’ comment, & found it to be dismissive. http://bit.ly/qgItT5
BarnabyHaszardM August 11, 2011 at 19:22

[View the story on Storify]

Mr. Pai’s major bone of contention appears to be that this Kashmir feature was published by a new organisation owned and operated by a foreign state – Qatar – meaning that its anti-occupation content takes it out of the realm of free speech and into that of propaganda and international relations. Personally, I still consider Al-Jazeera to be primarily a news organisation (with an impressive track record regarding objectivity) and not merely a mouthpiece for its owners. This appears to be the point at which mine and Pai’s opinions diverge.

I fear that judging those who defend Al-Jazeera on the basis of free speech as ‘naive and misguided’ is a slippery ideological slope to start going down, and I say this from my perspective as an India-focused foreign observer. I have written numerous pieces for The NRI that are in one way or another critical of India or Indians, and been attacked as often as I have been supported. A very common sentiment among critics of my work has been that as an outsider, I am unqualified to make any critical statements of the country – a sentiment I obviously disagree with.

I imagine Mr. Pai disagrees with that sentiment too, based on his support of other foreign observers of India such as Lydia Polgreen (@lpolgreen) and Jonathan Shainin (@jonathanshainin). However, I wished to point out my own reservations regarding his statements on Twitter yesterday. I acknowledge our clear differences of interpretation and opinion (respectively over what constitutes anti-Indian sentiment and the nature of Al-Jazeera as a news organisation), but wish to make it clear that I think this is a free speech issue above all else – and that those who defend my own opinion pieces for The NRI could very well also be judged as ‘naive and misguided’ by Mr. Pai’s criteria.

In summary, Al-Jazeera’s Kashmir feature may be shoddy journalism marred by blunt and inarticulate content – but I do not believe it is propaganda any more than content in The Hindu or The Times of India. The feature should be avoided, primarily on the grounds that it offers weakly written content of little fresh value to the Kashmir debate, but Al-Jazeera had every right to publish it.

Correction: I had at first used the phrase ‘occupying forces’ in number 3), believing this to be correct terminology. This has been amended to the more accurate ‘security forces’.

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9 Comments

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9 responses to “On Al-Jazeera’s ‘Kashmir: The Forgotten Conflict’ & surrounding debate

  1. Shalini

    Weighty piece this! There is somewhere a “perception” difficult to shake off I think, that Al-Jazeera represents the Islamic viewpoint. I do not claim to have followed Al-Jazeera stories carefully…but even with my limited exposure I can’t deny that I “feel” this paper is not objective. I do not understand where the suspicion comes from. I feel there might be many others who share this “perception” and it begs the question whether we unconsciously profile people / organizations based on the current situation and many / most of the time that these are not grounded in reality. It certainly is not easy to be objective, what say?

  2. I understand what you say, but anyone following the Kashmir issue can’t help but notice that the feature chooses to focus on last year’s unrest this year. Why not this years news? Because there are no riots? Why not have the clearest public political statement of the masses in Kashmir – that the calls for boycott of elections by separatists and threats of violence by militants were followed by 80% polling – even after a local candidate was assassinated by militants after being elected in her area?

    This is last year, but the most verifiably representative public statement to date. How is this utterly ignored in favor of presenting rioting mobs as representatives of sentiment? So why not?

    Journalism is about reporting news, but propaganda parades as journalism when selective news is reported. Indian journalism has its sins, but protests and army misconduct is reported as faithfully as the stories of hope and peace.

    Though this certainly isn’t an AlJazeera special. Most western newspapers downplay anything that will make Pakistan unhappy, because Pakistan has nuisance value, and literally holds the lifeline to troops in Afghanistan in its hands and constantly makes a point of asking for pressure on India for Kashmir. While no one applies the pressure, it seems they certainly avoid publishing anything that may put India in good light on the matter.

    Just some data.

  3. Other biases include avoidance of speaking of Pakistan’s role in the continuing militancy beyond a token article.

    There seems to be no real coverage of Fai, though I may have missed it.

    There is nothing about the supposedly free Kashmir which logically would have free media, no? Nothing about the comprehensive blackout on Pakistan occupied Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, etc – not as news from independent country, not as news from Pakistan.

    Similarly, there is no mention of the tract of Kashmiri land gifted by Pakistan to China.

    There is no mention of Aksai Chin, which is occupied by China.

    It seems the rest of Kashmir has been gifted to Pakistan and China respectively, and the Indian Kashmir is the only Kashmir left – which is actually quite much the truth – they have indeed been annexed and absorbed and subjugated into oblivion. The article makes no mention of the freedom movement (from Pakistan) in Kashmir or the increasing anger and discontent in Gilgit and Baltistan which have in many regions seen no development what so ever since independence over six decades ago.

    The bias is not so much in what is reported, but what is smoothly removed from view.

  4. BTW, could you edit my prev comment to use name and website from the newer one? Somehow wrong info got used.

  5. Vineet

    Outboundadventure & Vidyut have nailed. Enough said.

  6. Govind

    Vidyut and Nitin did the job for Mr Krishna and friends while he produces gaffes and commits blunders.

  7. harjinder

    Comments not unsurprising here taking a typical Indian government line. Al Jazeera for once gave Kashmiris some decent coverage and right wing Hindus crop up everywhere saying it is anti-Indian. The same approach is taken to rights organizations and anyone else who dares to say anything different. Any occupation of another’s land deserves to be criticized – time you guys joined humanity.

  8. suhail

    If Indians are so confident on what they believe then why don’t they hold referendum in Kashmir ,but they will always avoid this,because they know the results.

  9. Santosh

    Barn, I’m a military enthusiast. I’ll tell you a secret. Look at the below image and identify the regions of kashmir, jammu and ladakh. Then google search for the demographic concentration(hindu, sikh, shia sunni, ladhaki) of those regions. Note the regions which observe stone throwing. Compile that info and try to draw a picture. If you do figure it out, keep it to yourself. Else the neighbor will stop doing what they are doing and then we will have no leverage.

    withfriendship.com/images/i/41174/Ladakh-picture.jpg

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